## Mechanics of Natural Force

**What is the Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity? **

The Flow
Theory of Matter and Gravity carries on the ideas of some of the brightest
thinkers in history who saw gravity and matter to be founded in the dynamics of
a universal medium.
Sir Isaac
Newton, Bernhard Riemann and Ivan Osipovich Yarkovsky theorized that gravity is
founded in mechanical ether streams. While J.J. Thompson considered the atom to
consist of “immaterial vortices”, before developing the idea of the electron
and the original “plum pudding” electron model of the atom.

The fundamental principle in the Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity is summarized by a quote of the ancient Greek philosopher Heraclitus (501 B.C.) -

"

including gravity and matter.

**The Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity is a conservative, physical theory of the astrophysical Universe**. The Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity is conservative because it removes the fictional “fundamental forces” from 20th century theoretical physics and it is physical because it replaces the fictional “fundamental forces” with fundamental particle flows and physical flow dynamics. On the other hand 20th century theoretical physics is mystical – built on fictional “fundamental forces” and geometric – General Relativity builds geometric mathematical models of curved space-time continuum.The fundamental principle in the Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity is summarized by a quote of the ancient Greek philosopher Heraclitus (501 B.C.) -

"

*",***Everything flows, nothing stands still**including gravity and matter.

**Physical Fundamentals**draws a theoretical map of the**Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity.** For order issues email

20th century theoretical physics offers a patchwork of disparate theories, which not only contradict each other but also come short to explain key physical phenomena like the Titius-Bode law, matter creation, “black holes”, the stars’ energy source, etc.

The Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity’s fundamentals – aether dynamics – lose their origins deep in human history, going back millennia to pre-Greek civilization. It is important to appreciate the preservation of traditional scientific concepts like aether, especially in consideration of the cyclical astral dynamics described by the theory – i.e. “the future is in the past”.

Other theories, like The Theory of Relativity, reject historically traditional science and instead invent new fundamental concepts, constructing improvident theories, and leading to theoretical dead-ends.

The Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity’s fundamentals – aether dynamics, fit the physical patterns of medium flows all around us. Everything around us - from the air we breathe, the morning coffee we drink, and the blood pulsing through our veins, to the daily traffic and the weather systems, everything is driven by energy carried by particle flows of various particle sizes - air molecules, blood cells, water molecule vapors, people, cars and trucks, etc.

The Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity defends the thesis that the very small, which we cannot see - the workings of matter, and the very large, hot and distant, which we cannot reach and touch - the stars, are also driven by particle energy flows.

The Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity investigates the common fundamentals for key physical phenomena:

offering a complete and seamless alternative to 20th century theories, in terms of classical physics, the physics we learned in high school, using the velocity, flow, density, and accumulation of fundamental (aether) particle flows.

In the Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity the

Mechanics of Natural Force was written to show that the workings of the Universe are similar to the world around us and not substantially different as argued by 20th century theoretical physics.

Mechanics of Natural Force can give anyone with general interest in physics an appreciation for the workings of the material Universe and the stellar life forms.

Anyone with solid foundation in high-school mathematics and physics, with the necessary dedication, ought to be able to re-derive and understand the formulae presented in the book.

The Theory of Relativity paints a geometric picture of gravity and the Universe, very different from the world around us, a picture of empty curved space and light propagation not abiding by the

The Michelson–Morley and Fizeau’s experimental results are the Theory of Relativity's hook into the physical world. The Michelson–Morley and Fizeau’s experiments make Special Relativity relevant.

Mechanics of Natural Force first re-examines Fizeau’s experiment and by accounting for spaces between the water molecules (the water medium consists of molecules and empty space) shows that light propagation through the water molecules abides by the

Second, Mechanics of Natural Force re-examines the Michelson–Morley experiment and shows that the lack of variance in measuring light velocity throughout the year is confirmation for the gravitational flow, always flowing at about the same velocity (6.95 km/s) through-out the year.

The classical explanations for the Michelson–Morley and Fizeau’s experimental results remove the physical foundations of Special Relativity, leaving a mere collection of mathematical models without physical equivalent – a mathematical phantasy.

The General Theory of Relativity references the May 1919 Solar eclipse observations of light deflection as evidence of space curved by the Sun’s gravity. This is the General Theory of Relativity’s physical evidence of curved space.

Bayramov’s gravitational-flow curved-light simulator and simulation analysis demonstrate the manner in which light is curved by the gravitational flow and matches the small light deflections observed during the May 1919 Solar eclipse.

Curved space is a grand concept, very different from anything we see around us. A grand concept needs solid evidence in order to stand as fact.

The gravitational-flow curved-light simulator uses the

The gravitational-flow curved-light simulator removes the physical evidence supporting the grand concept of curved space, proposed by General Relativity.

Bayramov’s work on Michelson–Morley and Fizeau’s experiments and the gravitational flow simulator remove the physical evidence supporting the Theory of Relativity, leaving a collection of mathematical models, disconnected from physical reality and irrelevant to the physical sciences – mathematical phantasies.

The erosion of Relativity leaves barren theoretical space for the Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity to lay a solid theoretical foundation for the physical sciences.

__office@bolgarino.com__**Grady Harp says:**

*“Reading Dimiter M. Bayramov challenges the reader to re-think the Universe and in doing so he provides a panorama of hope for the future. He is a wise man holding a little candle.*

Digesting this book will alter the way you perceive history - and future. It is a weighty journey, but one very much worth taking.”Digesting this book will alter the way you perceive history - and future. It is a weighty journey, but one very much worth taking.”

**The Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity presents a complete view of the****astrophysical****Universe**, in terms of well-known physical systems. As a complete physical theory the Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity has no theoretical competition since no other physical theory offers a complete picture of the astrophysical Universe.20th century theoretical physics offers a patchwork of disparate theories, which not only contradict each other but also come short to explain key physical phenomena like the Titius-Bode law, matter creation, “black holes”, the stars’ energy source, etc.

The Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity’s fundamentals – aether dynamics – lose their origins deep in human history, going back millennia to pre-Greek civilization. It is important to appreciate the preservation of traditional scientific concepts like aether, especially in consideration of the cyclical astral dynamics described by the theory – i.e. “the future is in the past”.

Other theories, like The Theory of Relativity, reject historically traditional science and instead invent new fundamental concepts, constructing improvident theories, and leading to theoretical dead-ends.

The Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity’s fundamentals – aether dynamics, fit the physical patterns of medium flows all around us. Everything around us - from the air we breathe, the morning coffee we drink, and the blood pulsing through our veins, to the daily traffic and the weather systems, everything is driven by energy carried by particle flows of various particle sizes - air molecules, blood cells, water molecule vapors, people, cars and trucks, etc.

The Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity defends the thesis that the very small, which we cannot see - the workings of matter, and the very large, hot and distant, which we cannot reach and touch - the stars, are also driven by particle energy flows.

The Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity investigates the common fundamentals for key physical phenomena:

*gravity, the nuclear forces, time dilation, the stellar energy source, solar flares and solar dark spots,**electro-magnetism, atomic strong force, curved light, star light red shift, star creation, the Titius-Bode law of planetary distribution,*offering a complete and seamless alternative to 20th century theories, in terms of classical physics, the physics we learned in high school, using the velocity, flow, density, and accumulation of fundamental (aether) particle flows.

In the Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity the

**applies to light propagation, unlike the Special Theory of Relativity.***Classical Addition of Velocities Law***Why was Mechanics of Natural Force written?**Mechanics of Natural Force was written to show that the workings of the Universe are similar to the world around us and not substantially different as argued by 20th century theoretical physics.

**Who is Mechanics of Natural Force for?**Mechanics of Natural Force can give anyone with general interest in physics an appreciation for the workings of the material Universe and the stellar life forms.

Anyone with solid foundation in high-school mathematics and physics, with the necessary dedication, ought to be able to re-derive and understand the formulae presented in the book.

**What about the Theory of Relativity?**The Theory of Relativity paints a geometric picture of gravity and the Universe, very different from the world around us, a picture of empty curved space and light propagation not abiding by the

**. Any theory is only relevant if it can successfully explain observed physical phenomena. The Theory of Relativity references key physics experiments to make its arguments.***Classical Addition of Velocities Law***Special Relativity**presents*two key experiments, arguing that aether does not exist and that**the*

**does not apply to light propagation:***Classical Addition of Velocities Law*, measuring the relative velocity of light in flowing water as evidence that the**Special Relativity**presents Fizeau’s experimentdoes not apply to light propagation.*Classical Addition of Velocities Law*- Second,
presents the Michelson–Morley experiment, measuring the velocity of light throughout the year as Earth turns around the sun.**Special Relativity**

The Michelson–Morley and Fizeau’s experimental results are the Theory of Relativity's hook into the physical world. The Michelson–Morley and Fizeau’s experiments make Special Relativity relevant.

Mechanics of Natural Force first re-examines Fizeau’s experiment and by accounting for spaces between the water molecules (the water medium consists of molecules and empty space) shows that light propagation through the water molecules abides by the

**.***Classical Addition of Velocities Law*Second, Mechanics of Natural Force re-examines the Michelson–Morley experiment and shows that the lack of variance in measuring light velocity throughout the year is confirmation for the gravitational flow, always flowing at about the same velocity (6.95 km/s) through-out the year.

The classical explanations for the Michelson–Morley and Fizeau’s experimental results remove the physical foundations of Special Relativity, leaving a mere collection of mathematical models without physical equivalent – a mathematical phantasy.

The General Theory of Relativity references the May 1919 Solar eclipse observations of light deflection as evidence of space curved by the Sun’s gravity. This is the General Theory of Relativity’s physical evidence of curved space.

Bayramov’s gravitational-flow curved-light simulator and simulation analysis demonstrate the manner in which light is curved by the gravitational flow and matches the small light deflections observed during the May 1919 Solar eclipse.

Curved space is a grand concept, very different from anything we see around us. A grand concept needs solid evidence in order to stand as fact.

The gravitational-flow curved-light simulator uses the

**to overlay the velocity of light propagation and the gravitational flow velocity, showing that star light is substantially curved by the gravitational flow, yet visible curved rays of light, visible to an observer on Earth, show only small deflections, consistent with the May 1919 Solar eclipse observations.***Classical Addition of Velocities Law*The gravitational-flow curved-light simulator removes the physical evidence supporting the grand concept of curved space, proposed by General Relativity.

Bayramov’s work on Michelson–Morley and Fizeau’s experiments and the gravitational flow simulator remove the physical evidence supporting the Theory of Relativity, leaving a collection of mathematical models, disconnected from physical reality and irrelevant to the physical sciences – mathematical phantasies.

The erosion of Relativity leaves barren theoretical space for the Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity to lay a solid theoretical foundation for the physical sciences.

## Contents

Preface v
Contents vii List of Tables xi List of Figures xiii Part I. Everything Flows 1Principle of Similarity 3 The Pump and Flow System Pattern 3 The Toilet Flush, the Tornado and the Hurricane 6 Part II. Matter Model 11Bolgarino 11 Quark Twister Pump 13 Flow-bond 17 Part III. Atomic Flow Model 19Up Quarks, Down Quarks 20 Proton 22 Mesons and Neutrons 24 Atomic Energy Levels 25 Flow Model vs. Electron Model of Hydrogen Molecule 28 Helium-4 Isotope 29 Lithium 31 Part IV. Gravitational Bolgarino Flow 33Calculating the Solar System Gravitational Bolgarino Flow Velocity 33 Orbital Surfer Equation 34 Calculating the Solar System Gravitational Bolgarino Flow Terminal Velocity 39 Relative Bolgarino Density Distribution Factor 43 Calculating Earth’s Gravitational Bolgarino Flow Velocity 47 Testing the Flow Theory of Gravity 49 Part V. Gravity 51Cage In River Experiment or the Misinterpretation of a Medium Flow as Force or Field 51 Gravitational Bolgarino Flow Drag Quotient 53 Gravitational Flow Free-Fall Time Theorem 57 Part VI. The Missing Earth Energy and Matter Source Problems 61The Missing Earth Energy Source Problem 61 The Missing Earth Matter Source Problem 62 Theory of Planetary Growth 68 Part VII. Mass Interest 69Bolgarino Volume Debit per Second 69 Earth’s Growth Rate 72 Using Mass Interest to Calculate the Age of Planets and Stars 75 Part VIII. Star Mechanics 77Heuristic Quark Mechanics of Stellar Gravitational Flow 77 Star Classification by Size, Pressure and Temperature 81 Star Life Time 86 Part IX. Electromagnetic Force 87Chemical and Magnetic Twisters 90 Conductivity and Electric Current 92 Electrostatic Force and Electric Charge 93 Electric Current Generation 94 Magnets 96 Lorentz Force 99 Part X. Star Procreation Theory 101Heuristic Mechanism of Star Procreation 101 Heuristic Mechanism of Orbital Slip 104 Titius-Bode Law 106 Galaxy Formation 115 |
Part XI. The Theory of Relativity and Aether 117The Michelson–Morley Experiment and the Theory of Special Relativity 117Fizeau’s Experiment and Special Relativity 121 Fizeau’s Experiment and the Dual Structure of the Water Medium 122 Deriving the Specific Velocity of Light Propagating Through Water Molecules – u 124 Part XII. Time and Matter 127The Time Keeper Experiment 127 Heuristic Mechanism of Gravitational Drag on Matter and Time 127 Particles Collision Probability 130 Probability Method for Calculating Gravitational Time Dilation 131 Probability Method for Calculating Kinematic Time Dilation 135 Hafele-Keating and other Time Dilation Experiments 139 Atomic Energy Levels and Gravitational Pressure 141 Star Time 143 Time Conclusion 144 Part XIII. Gravitational Flow Red Shift 145Calculating the Red Shift 149 “Small Bangs” Theory 150 Part XIV. Gravitational Flow Simulator 151Using Vector Algebra to Calculate the Red Shift in Light Propagating Through a Gravitational Sphere 151 Charts and Vectors 152 C# GB-Flow Simulator Program 154 Red Shift Simulation Results 156 Part XV. Gravitational Light Drift and Gravitational Lensing 163 Boats in Tidal Flow Experiment 165 Simulation of Light GB-Flow Deflection 166 Light Deflection GB-Flow Simulator Enhancement 167 Gravitational Flow Lensing 173 The Theory of Relativity and the Sunset Effect 175 Part XVI. Distance to the Stars 177Boat Drift in Tidal Channel 177 Gravitational Deflection Parallax 179 Eruption Cycle Progression 183 Part XVII. The Life Form Pattern 185Meet the Star Species 187 Meet the Sun Family 188 The Star and Terrestrial Life Forms 189 Stellar Energy Independence 190 Part XVIII. Q&A 193Part XIX. Biblical Interpretation 197Genesis 197 Noah’s Ark 199 Part XX. Conclusion 201Part XXI. Bibliography 207 Part XXII. Back Cover 209 Part XXIII. Website 209 Part XXIV. Index 211 |