A magician performs ball magic. Holding a small ball, the magician swings his arm up and down and the ball disappears from his hand. Next the magician approaches a spectator and pulls the ball from behind the spectator’s ear.
How can we rationalize this magical performance?
a. A child may believe that the magician possesses supernatural, magical powers and can produce objects from thin air.
b. A more mature mind may try to recall and reconstruct the steps of the magical performance and deduce a “sleight of hand” mechanism where the ball was hidden from view, moved inconspicuously, and shown back into the audience’s view at the right time.
The human mind tends to take shortcuts in order to rationalize observations, creating loaded-concepts in the process, which is much easier to do, rather than invest time and effort into deducing imperfect observations and reconstruct complex mechanisms, which is much harder and time-consuming to do.
a. A child may rationalize the magical performance with a loaded-concept of magical powers – the magician possesses magical powers.
b. A mature mind may rationalize the magical performance with mechanical motion and the magician’s “sleight of hand” skills.
The two observers make different assumptions about the fundamental nature of the same performance and understand the same world in completely different terms.
The point we are trying to make is that our understanding of reality is only as good as our assumptions about the fundamentals that make reality function as it does.
The Magic of Physical Reality
When considering physical reality, scientists find themselves in conundrums, similar to the above magical ball performance. The nano-sized atomic structure makes it difficult to ascertain how matter functions. Powerful microscopes and particle accelerators try to shed light on the secrets of matter, however just as in the ball magic performance, the interpretations of scientific experiments are subject to key scientific assumptions.
Planets and stars are too big or too far to explore and understand. Seismological research and spectral analysis provide clues but these are again subject to key scientific assumptions and interpretations.
At its core scientific theory is a belief system, founded on a set of fundamentals and postulates, which are not subject to proof but are accepted as true, based on experience and belief.
Scientific methods, experiments, (mathematical) modeling build theoretical hierarchies, based on the set of fundamentals.
20th century physics theory accepts as fundamental:
· Set of fundamental forces;
· Set of particles;
Based on these fundamentals, 20th century, matter-centric, physics theory describes planet Earth as a sphere made of matter, held together by gravitational force, and surrounded by empty, curved space (or aether).
What about the Theory of Relativity?
The Theory of Relativity builds new fundamental concepts around the fundamental forces. The goals of the Theory of Relativity are to discover the fundamental laws of physics.
Narrow interpretation of key experiments, like the Michelson Morley class of experiments and phenomena like Starlight Aberration lead to the Theory of Relativity - the abolition of aether, and the invention of new fundamental laws and concepts:
· “the law of the constancy of the velocity of light in vacuo” and
· the laws implied by General Relativity, and the related concept of Curved Space.
The Theory of Relativity, leveraging fundamental forces and curved space, paints a geometric picture of gravity and the Universe, very different from the world around us, a picture of empty curved space, raising more questions than it tries to answer.
The Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity
The Flow Theory of Matter and Gravity (FTMG) questions the odd conclusions of the Theory of Relativity and the fundamental assumptions that lead to these conclusions. Consequently FTMG questions the fundamental nature of force and argues that the fundamental forces are created by complex matter mechanisms.
FTMG investigates the matter mechanisms that create nature’s forces and phenomena.
FTMG accepts as fundamental:
· Aether and
· Energy (aether’s motion)
Leveraging aether, energy, and Fluid mechanics, FTMG replaces the matter centric model of Earth with a new fluid-mechanical model – Earth’s Gravitational Vortex and develops aether-mechanical explanations for the gravitational force, the semi-diurnal tides, the results of the Michelson Morley class of experiments, the time dilation and the Starlight Aberration phenomena, etc.
The Fundamental forces – gravity, the electromagnetic, and the nuclear forces are part of matter’s magic. Besides the fundamental forces the only means of creating force is by contact - object collisions, particle flows, dynamic pressure are examples of contact forces – formalized by Sir Isaac Newton's Third Law of Motion.
FTMG argues that the fundamental forces are also created by ensembles of aether particles, energy (aether motion) and contact forces, creating aether pressure and aether flows.